When an acid and a base cancel each other out, this is known as neutralization. It follows the reaction pattern:
Acid + Base -> Water + Salt
Neutralization is the concept used to treat indigestion, a common and uncomfortable digestive condition. Antacids can be found as powder or tablets and contain a base of approximately pH 10. This is strong enough to cure indigestion, but not strong enough to damage the digestive system.
This lab activity uses the indicator methyl orange. It is reddish in color in strong acids of pH 0-2, orange in acids of pH 3-4 and gradually changes to yellow by pH 7.
Antacids Lab Activity Learning Objectives:
- Explore the process of neutralization.
- Measure the amount of antacid needed to neutralize dilute hydrochloric acid.
- Use indicators to measure the pH of a substances.
Download These Lab Sheets for Your Students:
Antacids Lab Activity Materials:
- Dilute hydrochloric acid (0.1M)
- Methyl orange indicator
- Antacid powder
- White piece of paper
- Safety goggles
- Petri dish
- Erlenmeyer flask (250mL)
- Measuring cylinder (50mL)
- Electronic balance
Antacids Lab Procedures:
- Place the Petri dish on the balance.
- Place two spatulas of antacid powder into the dish and record the mass of the dish and the antacid.
- Use a measuring cylinder to measure 50mL of hydrochloric acid. Transfer the acid to the Erlenmeyer flask.
- Add 3-4 drops of methyl orange indicator. Record the color and predict the pH of the acid.
- Place the white sheet of paper under the Erlenmeyer flask.
- Use the spatula to add the antacid in small amounts to the acid. Swirl the flask in between each addition.
- Once the indicator has turned yellow, stop adding antacid powder.
- Use the electronic balance to measure the mass of the unused antacid powder. Record the results in the table.
- Define neutralization.
- Which part of the gastrointestinal system involves indigestion?
- List the evidence you would expect to see in a chemical reaction.
|Mass of the Petri dish and antacid (M1):|
|Mass of the Petri dish and unused antacid (M2):|
|Mass of the antacid used (M1- M2):|
Antacids Post-lab Questions:
Answer the following questions:
- How much antacid is needed to neutralize the hydrochloric acid?
- If your stomach contained 1 liter of acid, how much antacid would be needed to neutralize this amount of acid. Show your working.
- Why was hydrochloric acid used in this experiment, rather than another acid?
- Why was methyl orange used in this experiment rather than another indicator like phenol red?
- Use the basis of this lab activity to design an experiment to compare the effectiveness of different antacid powders or tablets. You will need to make sure that it is a fair test.
Here is your Free Content for this Neutralization Lesson!
- 3-12 Assignment SE - Neutralization (PDF)
- 3-12 Assignment TE - Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Bell Work SE - Neutralization (PDF)
- 3-12 Bell Work TE - Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Exit Quiz SE - Neutralization (PDF)
- 3-12 Exit Quiz TE - Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Guided Notes SE - Neutralization (PDF)
- 3-12 Guided Notes TE - Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Lesson Plan - Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Online Activities - Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Slide Show Neutralization (Member Only)
- 3-12 Vocabulary Activity SE - Neutralization (PDF)
- 3-12 Vocabulary Activity TE - Neutralization (Member Only)
Neutralization Worksheets - Word Docs & PowerPoints
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